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A3000 Power Supply




240V/120V Conversion

Commodore shipped the A3000 with a fixed input voltage power supply to suit the destination country. The 135W power supply units were especially produced by Taiwanese company Liton for Commodore; these supplies are unique to the A3000 and are not physically compatible with other models.

Standard A3000 power supply models are:

Unlike many modern switch mode power supplies, the input voltage is fixed according to the power supply model. There is no switch to manually select the input voltage so a step up/down transformer is required if using the A3000 power supply with a different AC mains input voltage.

Internally the Liton models PE-5161-1 and PB-5161-1 share the same printed circuit board and a minor difference in the board population.

The following information is provided by Gennaro Montedoro (gennyflick) on changing the Liton A3000 power supply input voltage to eliminate the need for a step up/down transformer. All text written by Anthony Hoffman.


WARNING!
The following information involves working with equipment operating at lethal voltages. Do not attempt opening or modifying the power supply unless you are fully experienced and confident working around AC mains voltages.


  1. Remove the top cover of the A3000; there are four screws around the case sides and a single screw rear top centre. The case slides forward off the chassis.

  2. Unplug the DC connectors from the main board, floppy drive(s) and hard drives(s).

  3. Remove the power supply from the A3000 chassis; there are three screws around the outside edge and a single screw on the rear of the chassis above the AC supply connector to remove; the power supply will then lift out of the chassis.

  4. Open the power supply case by removing the three screws highlighted in the image below. Older variants of the power supply have additional screws in different locations than shown below.

    A3000_PSU_screws.jpg (98314 bytes)


  5. Hinge open the power supply cover and locate the area of the board containing the two 470uF 200V reservoir capacitors as highlighted below.

    A3000_PSU_open.jpg (113104 bytes)


  6. To convert FROM a 120V model TO a 240V model, the single wire between the reservoir capacitors and the "110V" pad must be removed. First locate the 110V pad beside bridge rectifier as shown below. Un-solder or cut the wire off at the top side of the circuit board.

    A3000_PSU_internal1.jpg (69806 bytes)


  7. Locate the other end of the wire which connects to the board between the two reservoir capacitors as shown below. Un-solder or cut the wire off at the top side of the circuit board.

    A3000_PSU_internal2.jpg (69545 bytes)


  8. To convert FROM a 240V model TO a 120V model, a single wire between the reservoir capacitors and the "110V" pad must be installed. This is the reverse of the above two steps, which also requires removing the circuit board from the chassis to access the two solder pads on the bottom side of the board. The top side of the board between the capacitors will have shake-proof glue between the capacitors which must be removed to access the hole in the board to fit the linking wire.

  9. Reverse the disassembly steps to reassemble the power supply and reinstall into the A3000 chassis. Do not fit the A3000 top cover yet.

  10. IMPORTANT: Using a permanent marker pen, cross out the original input voltage on both the label on the rear of the computer chassis and both references on top of the power supply and clearly write the new input voltage. Or use a label printer to relabel the new input voltage. This will prevent someone later connecting the computer to the incorrect mains voltage which will damage the power supply.

  11. Set jumper J200 according to your AC mains frequency. The jumper is located on the A3000 main board beside Fat Agnus in approximately the centre of the expansion slot area. For a 50Hz supply the jumper should be set to PAL. For a 60Hz supply the jumper should be set to NTSC.

  12. Check the main board power connector is plugged in as well as the hard drive/floppy drive power. Connect the AC mains cable to the power supply and check that the computer powers up normally. Confirm the power supply fan is operating as you may have disconnected it during the modification.

  13. Assemble the A3000 top cover and fasten with the five screws.




Common faults and repairs


WARNING!
The following information involves working with equipment operating at lethal voltages. Do not attempt opening or repairing the power supply unless you are fully experienced and confident working around AC mains voltages.



Please note that this information is provided for technicians already familiar with basic switch mode power supply operation.


This applies to Liton power supply model numbers PE-5161-1 (240V) and PB-5161-1 (120V) [schematics are not available]

Check the incoming mains fuse (5A). If fuse is blown, this is often caused by the high voltage switching transistors, Q1/Q2 going short circuit. These can be replaced with commonly available MJE13007G high voltage NPN bipolar transistors, element14 part number 955-7857. Note that both transistors should always be replaced as a pair. Both Q1 and Q2 are the same transistor type.

Blowing fuses can also be caused by a short circuit diode in the incoming mains bridge rectifier, which can be quickly and easily measured for short circuits without unsoldering from the PCB. Note that the fault current caused by a Q1/Q2 short circuit places excess stress on the bridge rectifier which can cause it to fail at the same time as Q1/Q2, or soon after the transistors are replaced. Therefore it is recommended to replace the bridge rectifier at the same time. A suitable replacement for the original D3SBA60 rectifier is NTE5330, available from element14 as part number 2143924.

If the mains input fuse is OK, check that approx. 325VDC for the 240V model (approx. 170VDC for 120V model) is present on reservoir capacitors and that Q1 and Q2 test OK using standard diode test techniques for BJTs. A common problem is resistors R5 and R8 (2.2 Ohm, 1/4W) going open circuit. These are positioned either side of Q1 and Q2. Note that R5 is insulated under a vertical tube of black heat shrink.





A3000D Power Supply Pinouts
From http://www.reocities.com/Hollywood/highrise/2042/Amiga-3000/A3000powersuply.html
Power Connector (Hard Disk)
Looking At Back Of Plug

     ________________________________
    /                                \
   /    __      __      __      __    \
  |    /  \    /  \    /  \    /  \    |
  |   | 1Y |  | 2B |  | 3B |  | 4O |   |
  |    \__/    \__/    \__/    \__/    |
  |                                    |
  |_________________________   ________|
                            | |
                            |_|


      Pin 1:  Yellow       +5V
      Pin 2:  Blue         Ground
      Pin 3:  Blue         Ground
      Pin 4:  Orange       +12V

     ________________________________
    /                                \
   /    __      __      __      __    \
  |    /  \    /  \    /  \    /  \    |
  |   | +5 |  |GND |  |GND |  |+12 |   |
  |    \__/    \__/    \__/    \__/    |
  |                                    |
  |_________________________   ________|
                            | |
                            |_|






Power Connector (Floppy)
Looking At Back Of Plug

    _                 _____                 _
   | |               |     |               | |
   | |_______________|     |_______________| |
   |                                         |
   |     ____     ____     ____     ____     |
   |    |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |    |
   |    | 1Y |   | 2B |   | 3B |   | 4O |    |
   |    |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|    |
   |                                         |
   |__________   ____________________________|
              | |
              |_|

          Pin 1:  Yellow       +5V
          Pin 2:  Blue         Ground
          Pin 3:  Blue         Ground
          Pin 4:  Orange       +12V

    _                 _____                 _
   | |               |     |               | |
   | |_______________|     |_______________| |
   |                                         |
   |     ____     ____     ____     ____     |
   |    |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |    |
   |    | +5 |   |GND |   |GND |   |+12 |    |
   |    |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|    |
   |                                         |
   |__________   ____________________________|
              | |
              |_|






Power Connector (Fan)
Looking Straight Into Plug


   #############
   #           #
   #  o     o  #
   #           #
   ##___###___##
      ^     ^
      |     |__Blue    Ground
      |
      |________Red     +12V/0.13A

The fan will not run if these two wires are swapped.






Power Connector (main board)
Looking At Back Of Plug

                     ________
                    |  CLIP  |
 ___________________|________|___________________
|                                                |
|    ____     ____     ____     ____     ____    |
|   |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |   |
|   | 1Y |   | 2Y |   | 3Y |   | 4Y |   | 5P |   |
|   |____|   |____|    \__/    |____|   |____|   |
|                                                |
|    ___      ____     ____     ___      ____    |
|   |   \    |    |   |    |   |   \    |    |   |
|   | 6B |   | 7B |   | 8B |   | 9B |   |10B |   |
|   |___/    |____|   |____|   |___/    |____|   |
|                                                |
|    ____     ____      __      ____     ____    |
|   |    |   |    |    /  \    |    |   |    |   |
|   |11O |   |12R |   |13Br|   |14G |   |15W |   |
|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |
|                                                |
|________________________________________________|


         Pin 1:   Yellow      +5V
         Pin 2:   Yellow      +5V
         Pin 3:   Yellow      +5V
         Pin 4:   Yellow      +5V
         Pin 5:   Purple      +5V Video

         Pin 6:   Blue        Ground
         Pin 7:   Blue        Ground
         Pin 8:   Blue        Ground
         Pin 9:   Blue        Ground
         Pin 10:  Blue        Ground

         Pin 11:  Orange      +12V
         Pin 12:  Red         -12V
         Pin 13:  Brown       TIC
         Pin 14:  Green       +5V User
         Pin 15:  White       -5V

                     ________
                    |  CLIP  |
 ___________________|________|___________________
|                                                |
|    ____     ____     ____     ____     ____    |
|   |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |   |    |   |
|   | +5 |   | +5 |   | +5 |   | +5 |   | +5 |   |
|   |____|   |____|    \__/    |____|   |____|   |
|                                                |
|    ___      ____     ____     ___      ____    |
|   |   \    |    |   |    |   |   \    |    |   |
|   |GND |   |GND |   |GND |   |GND |   |GND |   |
|   |___/    |____|   |____|   |___/    |____|   |
|                                                |
|    ____     ____      __      ____     ____    |
|   |    |   |    |    /  \    |    |   |    |   |
|   |+12 |   |-12 |   |TIC |   | +5 |   | -5 |   |
|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |____|   |
|                                                |
|________________________________________________|